Blood Pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways. High blood pressure can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of your body.
Knowing your blood pressure numbers is important, even when you are feeling fine. Blood pressure is measured as systolic and diastolic pressures. Systolic refers to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood. Diastolic refers to blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats.
Symptoms of low Blood Pressure (hypotension): If your blood pressure is naturally low, it’s unlikely it will cause you any symptoms or require treatment. However, low blood pressure can sometimes mean there’s not enough blood flowing to your brain and other vital organs, which can lead to symptoms such as: dizziness; lightheadedness; unsteadiness, or feeling of loss of balance; fainting; blurred vision; a rapid, or irregular heartbeat (palpitations); confusion; feeling sick (nausea) and general weakness.
High Blood Pressure (hypertension) means that your blood pressure is continually higher than the recommended level. It rarely has noticeable symptoms. If left untreated, high blood pressure increases your risk of a heart attack or stroke. It is often referred to as a “silent killer”.
The only way of knowing there is a problem is to have your blood pressure measured – at least every few years.
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Banana peels contain salicylic acid, a common ingredient in over-the-counter wart removers which dry out warts. Make a homemade banana peel patch to treat warts naturally. Cut a small piece of banana peel and lay the inner surface against the wart before going to bed. Secure in place with adhesive tape, and change the dressing once or twice per day as needed. Repeat the treatment for about two weeks or until the wart disappears.
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Burns is damage to your body’s tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids and steam, building fires, flammable liquids and gases are the most common causes of burns.
There are three types of burns:
• First-degree burns damage only the outer layer of skin
• Second-degree burns damage the outer layer and the layer underneath
• Third-degree burns damage or destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath
Burns can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and, in serious cases, shock and even death. They also can lead to infections because they damage the skin’s protective barrier. Antibiotic creams can prevent or treat infections. First and second-degree burns usually heal without grafts. After a third-degree burn, you need skin or synthetic grafts to cover exposed tissue and encourage new skin to grow.
Follow the first aid advice below to treat burns and scalds:
- Stop the burning process as soon as possible. This may mean removing the person from the area, dousing flames with water or smothering flames with a blanket. Do not put yourself at risk of getting burnt as well.
- Remove any clothing or jewellery near the burnt area of skin. However, don’t try to remove anything that is stuck to the burnt skin because this could cause more damage.
- Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm water for 10 to 30 minutes, ideally within 20 minutes of the injury occurring. Never use ice, iced water or any creams or greasy substances such as butter.
- Keep yourself or the person warm. Use a blanket or layers of clothing, but avoid putting them on the injured area. Keeping warm will prevent hypothermia, where a person’s body temperature drops below 35ºC (95ºF). This is a risk if you are cooling a large burnt area, particularly in young children and elderly people.
- Cover the burn with cling film. Put the cling film in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. A clean clear plastic bag can be used for burns on your hand.
Always get medical help straight away if the person with the burn:
- has other injuries that need treating
- is going into shock – signs include cold clammy skin, sweating, rapid shallow breathing and weakness or dizziness
- is pregnant
- is over 60 years of age
- is under five years of age
- has a medical condition such as heart, lung or liver disease, or diabetes
- has a weakened immune system (the body’s defence system), for example because of HIV or AIDS, or because they’re having chemotherapy for cancer
- has breathed in smoke or fumes
- has an electrical burn
- has a chemical burn
Medical Emergency: People with first degree burns should always seek professional medical attention. People with second degree and third degree burns should be taken IMMEDIATELY to the Emergency Department of the nearest hospital.Honey
Honey – Natural remedy for Burns: Apply one tablespoon of raw honey to the area that has been burned. With the tip of your fingers, rub in the raw honey and allow it to sit for 10-minutes before rinsing clean with cool water.
Erectile dysfunction also known as impotence is the inability to achieve or sustain an erection for satisfactory sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction is different from other conditions that interfere with male sexual intercourse, such as lack of sexual desire (decreased libido) and problems with ejaculation and orgasm (ejaculatory dysfunction).
Erectile dysfunction can have a range of causes, both physical and psychological.
Physical causes include:
- narrowing of the blood vessels going to the penis – commonly associated with high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol or diabetes
- hormonal problems
- surgery or injury
Psychological causes of ED include:
- relationship problems
If you have erections in the morning or at night while you sleep, it is likely not a physical cause. Most men have 3 to 5 erections at night that last about 30 minutes. Talk with your doctor about how to find out if you have normal nighttime erections.
See your doctor if you have erectile dysfunction for more than a few weeks. They will assess your general state of health because the condition can be the first sign of more serious health conditions, such as heart disease (when the heart’s blood supply is blocked or interrupted).
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Menopause is the permanent end of menstruation and fertility, defined as occurring 12 months after your last menstrual period.
Menstruation (monthly periods) can sometimes stop suddenly when you reach the menopause. However, it’s more likely that your periods will become less frequent, with longer intervals between each one, before they stop altogether.
Menopause is a natural biological process not a medical illness. The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the body’s sex hormones. In the lead-up to the menopause (perimenopause), oestrogen levels decrease, causing the ovaries to stop producing an egg each month (ovulation). Oestrogen is the female sex hormone that regulates a woman’s periods.
The reduction in oestrogen causes physical and emotional symptoms, including: hot flushes; night sweats; mood swings; and vaginal dryness.
The physical and emotional symptoms of menopause can disrupt your sleep, sap your energy and trigger feelings of sadness and loss.
Male Menopause: Some men develop depression, loss of sex drive, erectile dysfunction and other physical and emotional symptoms when they reach their late 40s to early 50s.
Other symptoms common in men this age are:
- hot flushes
- mood swings
- loss of muscle mass
- fat redistribution, such as developing a large belly or “man boobs” (gynaecomastia)
- tiredness and a general lack of enthusiasm or energy
- increased sweating
- poor concentration and short-term memory
These symptoms can interfere with everyday life and happiness, so it’s important to find the underlying cause and work out what can be done to resolve it.
If you have menopausal symptoms that are troubling you, see your doctor.
Kelp – Herbal remedy for Menopause: The seaweed kelp helps control fluctuating mood swings when taken as a powder or in cooked food. One tablespoon of powdered kelp can be sprinkled over food.
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The term dandruff generally refers to the condition of the skin wherein shiny, silvery scales separate from the scalp and collect in the hair. Seborrheic dermatitis is quite a common skin condition that affects the scalp causing an itchy scalp and scaly or flaky skin and stubborn dandruff.
The condition can become troublesome when the skin gets infected. There are two main types of dandruff, namely dry dandruff and oily dandruff. Those with an oily skin tend to suffer from oily dandruff while those with dry skin suffer from dry dandruff.
The type of dandruff home remedy that one chooses must therefore be decided according to the type of dandruff. Oily dandruff can be a little tougher to treat as it tends to recur quite easily while dry dandruff can be prevented quite easily.
Seek professional medical advice if your dandruff shows no signs of improvement after two weeks of treatment.
Apple Cider Vinegar – Natural remedy for Dandruff: Massage apple cider vinegar into the scalp and leave for 5 minutes. Apple cider vinegar will remove the dead skin cells that are clogging the hair follicles and causing dandruff flakes. Apple cider vinegar will also restore balance to the scalp.
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Constipation means different things to different people. For many people it simply means infrequent bowel movements. For others constipation means hard stools or difficulty passing stools.
Medically, constipation is defined as fewer than three bowel movements per week. Severe constipation is defined as less than one bowel movement per week. Constipation can be caused by the slow passage of digesting food through any part of the intestine. However, more often, the slowing occurs in the colon. It is important to distinguish acute (recent onset) constipation from chronic (long duration) constipation.
It is necessary to seek urgent medical attention for acute constipation because a serious medical illness may be the underlying cause such as tumours of the colon. Constipation also requires an immediate assessment if it is accompanied by rectal bleeding, cramps, nausea, loss of weight and abdominal pain.
In contrast, the evaluation of chronic constipation may not be urgent, particularly if simple measures bring relief.
It is necessary to seek urgent medical attention for acute constipation because a serious medical illness may be the underlying cause.
Castor Oil – Home remedy for Constipation: Castor oil is a yellowish liquid that can be used as a home remedy for constipation because of its laxative property. One study in Nigeria found that oral castor oil helped children with chronic constipation to move their bowels. An upside to castor oil for constipation is that it works quickly. For that same reason, however castor oil should be cautiously administered as a constipation remedy. It should not be taken at bedtime, due to its quick effects. A downside to this constipation remedy is that it tastes bad, so it is recommended that the castor oil be chilled and mixed with a sweetener such as orange juice.
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